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straight pasture seed

Annual Ryegrass - Sowing Rate 20-25 kg/ha Annual ryegrass is the most productive of all grasses and suited to one years growth only. It is an excellent contribution to any farming enterprise, due to its aggressive growth habit, rapid germination and high production abilities during the autumn and winter months. With high feed value in terms of energy and protein it will provide excellent dry matter yields in both the paddock and the bale.

Short, Medium & Long Term Ryegrass - Sowing Rate 20-25 kg/ha - These ryegrass species vary in levels of perennially based on their breeding. True Italian types are capable of producing for 1-2 years under suitable conditions compared to the perennial type hybrids. These longer term varieties exhibit perenniality and will persist for up to 4-7 years. These varieties are best suited to medium to late season regions and are an excellent choice for intensive dairies or finishing systems.

Perennial Ryegrass - Sowing Rate 15-25 kg/ha - Perennial ryegrass stands should persist for 7-10 years in suitable conditions. It has excellent seedling vigour and is actively growing from the autumn break through to late spring. Perennial ryegrass is best suited to soils of moderate to high fertility and does not tolerate water logging. Perennial ryegrass is tolerant to frost and performs best in cooler regions.

Phalaris - Sowing Rate 4-6 kg/ha - Phalaris is a perennial tussock grass which grows through autumn, winter and spring and has proven to be one of the most drought tolerant species available. Some phalaris species can survive in a 300 mm annual rainfall but greater than 500 mm is preferable. Phalaris has the ability to increase populations through short rhizomes or seed spread and if left unmanaged can reach a height of 2 m.

Fescue's - Sowing Rate 10-20 kg/ha - Fescue is one of the best temperate perennial grasses for supplying nutritious and palatable feed in a permanent pasture situation. Fescue's are a deep rooted and relatively drought tolerant tufted grass adapted to a wide range of soil types including poorly drained areas. There are two main types, with distinctly different seasonal growth patterns. Temperate types exhibit spring/summer activity with some slow growth in winter, they do not frost off as easily as cocksfoot and phalaris. Summer active varieties are suited to regions with a minimum rainfall of 700 mm. Mediterranean types exhibit winter activity and varying levels of summer dormancy and consequently have greater tolerance to summer drought. Winter active varieties are adapted to regions with a minimum rainfall of 450 mm.

Cocksfoot - Sowing Rate 4-5 kg/ha - Cocksfoot is a very hardy perennial grass, with high drought tolerance, good persistence and an ability to thrive under acidic granite soil conditions. It is ideally suited to rotational grazing systems in rainfall zones which received a minimum of 450 mm annually. Cocksfoot performs well in combinations with another deep rooted perennial grass but it is sensitive to water logging. Cocksfoot varieties are classified depending on their seasonality and growth habit. Seasonality - Intermediate - exhibiting more spring/summer activity; Mediterranean - exhibiting more winter activity. Growth Habit - this should always be taken into consideration when choosing varieties as low crown, prostrate types are better suited to an enterprise where sheep are the main grazing animal or where grazing can not be easily controlled; erect growing varieties required closely monitored rational grazing in order to persist and are the preferred type on cattle dominated farms.

Tall Wheat Grass - Sowing rate 10-20 kg/ha along or 3-6 kg/ha blend - Summer growing perennial; adapted to poorly drained saline soils; most commonly used in salt affected areas

Subterranean Clover - Sowing Rate 4-10 kg/ha - Subterranean Clover is an annual legume that depends on hard seed production in spring to survive through to autumn. A survival mechanism of the plant is to produce high levels of hard seed which can become buried and remain viable for a number of years. Subterranean Clover varieties can be broken down into three sun species: Subterranean - suited to acid to neutral, well drained soils such as sandy loam to clay loam. Brachycalycinum - suited to neutral to alkaline, cracking, self mulching or stony soils. Yaninnicum - suited to moderately acid soils and can handle water logging and poor drainage. Yaninnicum types are white seeded.

Balansa Clover - Sowing Rate 1-6 kg/ha - Balansa Clover is a self regenerating annual with high levels of hard seed that grows mainly in spring as temperatures increase. Balansa is a popular choice of hay and silage production producing very high quality fodder. It will tolerate water logging and salinity and is adapted to a soil pH between 4.5 and 7 (CaCl).

White Clover - Sowing Rate 3-5 kg/ha - White Clover is a perennial legume suited to a wide range of soil types and is tolerant to both water logging and acid soils. Survival is dependant on sufficient summer rainfall and it will persist under heavy grazing. White clover should be sown in either mid autumn to early winter or spring when ample soil moisture is available. Larger leaved cultivars tend to be higher yielding while smaller leaved varieties tend to be more persistent. Stolon density reflects the ability of the cultivars to spread and survive (IE High is more persistent).

Lucerne - Sowing 4-10 kg/ha - Lucerne has a deep tap root and is an extremely valuable perennial legume, Lucerne can produce fodder throughout the year. Traditionally the main growing season for Lucerne has been through spring, summer and early autumn but new varieties have now been bred with improved winter activity. Lucerne is able to fix its own nitrogen and in turn build soil fertility. Choosing the right variety for your needs and environment is essential, IE winter dormant varieties (4-5) are better suited to hay production or frost prone areas compared to winter active varieties (8-9) that generally have a shorter stand life but are quicker to respond after grazing or rainfall. Lucerne is a acid sensitive plant; low pH (high aluminium) reduces root development so it is essential to correct soil acidity issues through lime application prior to sowing.

Chicory - Sowing 2-5 kg/ha - Chicory is a highly nutritious and palatable perennial herb which growing during spring, summer and autumn. Chicory is an excellent choice for finishing lambs due to its well balanced levels of crude protein, energy and minerals. It is commonly sown with a companion species such Lucerne due to its "anti-bloating" qualities. Chicory has a deep tap root capable of drawing moisture and nutrients from depth which aids persistence and is tolerant to acid soils. Chicory requires rotational grazing to avoid damage by livestock to the crown of the plants.

Plantain - Sowing Rate: Up to 10 kg/ha (production) - Plantain is a mineral rich, deep rooted perennial herb which will grow all year round. Plantain is quick to establish and is persistent over a wide range of soil types and climatic conditions. Plantain is most commonly used in blends with chicory or forage brassicas, pure stands are very susceptible to weed invasion. Plantain does require rotational grazing to avoid damage by livestock to the crown of the plants.

Vetch - Sowing Rate 15-30 kg/ha - Vetch is a popular choice for grazing, hay, silage and green manuring with the added benefit of efficient nitrogen fixation in the soil. Vetches are commonly sown as companion species to cereal for specialised silage mixes, due to its high dry matter production and soft seed characteristics.

Forage Brassica - Sowing Rate 3-5 kg/ha - Forage Brassica crops can provide a real bulk of highly nutritious feed to fatten both sheep and cattle going into summer. Brassicas offer a good opportunity to clean up rubbishy barley grass paddocks with low clover content into something productive as well as breaking disease cycles for dual purpose cereal crops next year. A forage brassica can be sown as early as mid August and be ready to be grazed from mid November depending on its maturity to first grazing.

Turnips - Sowing Rate 1 kg/ha - Turnips are widely used as a short season summer crop between the months of November through to January depending on conditions. Both the turnip leaf and bulbs are utilised by grazing animals. Turnip feed dry matter is approximately 60% bulb and 40% leaf depending on the variety and maturity. There are a variety of turnips on the market that vary in maturity times to grazing and also bulb shape. Bulbs can either be round or tankard shaped. Tankard varieties have the advantage of sitting just above ground level and can be easily accessed by stock.

Millet - 10-15 kg/ha (dry land) - Millet is a fast growing, high yielding, and leafy plant suitable for grazing , hay or silage. Millet is free of prussic acid, so is low risk when feeding to livestock. Millet sown in early November can be grazed within six weeks thus providing a useful feed supplement during the hot summer months when growth of permanent pasture may be slow. Re growth of millet following grazing can be very good provided soil moisture and nitrogen levels are adequate. It does require a soil temperature of 12 C - 14 C and rising to maximise germination and early growth. Millet should be grazed from kneed to ankle. Frequent/regular grazing will prevent the millet from running up to head early and losing feed value and palatability.

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